The gulf state is a small peninsula of Qatar which is surrounded by water of the Arabian Gulf. Popularly known as Thumb or Arabia.
The country has 11,437 square kilometer, running roughly 85 km wide and 180km long and located to the center of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC).
The entire land is mostly flat varying from 6m above sea level in place to 103m at Qurayn Abu Al Bawl. You will find some rocky limestone outcrops lies in the southern part. In addition to the mainland, the country has several inlands and coves.
Qatar is moderate in climate with pleasant mild winter and hot summer. Winter is much more pleasant at night and cool temperature drop below 7⁰ C. Rain falling on some days mainly between October and March.
The country is quietly dusty and occasional sandstorm, humidity reaches an average high of 75%.
In the fifth century BC, the Greek historian Herodotus referred to the ancient Caanites as the original inhabitants. The country was known to seafarer and traders and well known to its textile manufacturing and cloaks.
In 13th to 14th centuries, Qatar enjoyed relationship with caliphates (successor of Prophet Mohammed) in Baghdad and became important center for pearl trading. There is evidence for the Caliphate rule during Abbasid Era, can be seen in Murwab Fort on Qatar west coast.
Qatar allied with the Turks for protection from occupation of other country guided and ruled by the Ottoman Empire. During that period, power from Shiekh of Qatar remained dominant.
The Al Thanis arrived in Qatar in early 18th century from Bani Tamim Tribe from Najd in Modern day Saudi Arabia. In 19th Century, Sheikh Muhammad Bin Thani established Al Bidda, the modern city of Doha.
In 1868, a treaty with the British recognized him as first Emir. September 12, 1868 he signed the treaty of Independence Day of Qatar to British resident Col. Lewis Pelly. In 1978 he handed over the administration to Shiekh Jassim Bin Mohammed Al Thani.
Shiekh Jassim Bin Mohammed Al Thani was given the title from 1876 as Qaim Maqam ( Deputy Governor). He ruled the entire Qatar from (1913 -1949) and followed by the successors.
Sheikh Ali Bin Abdulla Al Thani (1949-1960).
Sheikh Ahmed Bin Ali Al Thani (1960-1972)
Sheikh Khalifa bin Hamad Al Thani (1972-1995)
Sheikh Hamad Bin Khalifa Al Thani (1995-present)
Qatar is governed by hereditary rule. Sheikh Hamad Bin Khalifa Al Thani has introduced many reforms towards a more open and democratic system of government.
The Country builds but restores and preserved the old historical establishments. It is mixture of being modernize yet the tradition still preserved.
Qatar will be featured of having luxury and excellence in living and lifestyles.
Islam is the dominating religion and has two main forms Sunni and Shia. Islam is not only religion in the country but as well as Qataris way of life.
In general Qataris are conservative and most practiced in religion. The basis of Islam is there is only one God (the same God of Christian and Jew). The Prophet Muhammad is the messenger of God. Islam is based on the five pillars: Profession of Faith or Al Shahada, Praying, Fasting, and Pilgrimage to Mecca in Saudi Arabia and giving Charity. The Holy book of Islam is Qur’an.
Islam requires praying five times daily. They can pray at home, workplace and mosques.
Women are not obliged to cover the face in public. However, women should dress up conservatively. Public display of affection are not allowed.
Qatari citizen are generous and hospitable.
Qatar is fairly tolerant and welcoming country for the expatriate but restrictions are fairly implemented.
Qatar is a conservative in customs and traditions and rich in religious festivities to celebrate and holidays. During holy month of Ramadan is depend on the sighting of the moon. Muslims are abstaining from foods, drinks, cigarettes, sexual acts and unclean thoughts from dawn till dusk.
Observe timings for offices, shopping markets and restaurants, coffee shops. Malls are open but no serving for foods. Non-Muslims can eat their foods but not be shown in public.
Observe festive days of Eid Al Ftr and Eid Al Adha as well as National Day marked every 18th day of December.
Expatriates needs to observe courtesy and etiquette. Qatar is safe for travel and destination.
Arabic is the official language but widely use is English for business transactions if the representatives are foreign people.
The country is rich in cultural heritage and many historical places to visit.
It has natural tourist attractions like the famous stunning desert and exotic sand dunes, inland seas and surrounded by the beautiful beaches. The country has beautiful parks, leisure destination, Luxury hotels, restaurants to dine in, malls and the famous Katara (Valley of Culture) Is an ideal for travel and business destination.
Local Time GMT. Plus 3 hours throughout the year.
Qatar is aiming huge for the first and be the leading hub on sports within GCC countries hosted Asian Games on 2006 and now will be hosting World Cup by the year 2022.
NATIONAL VISION 2030
Qatar national visions 2030 promotes prosperous standard of living and a well sustainable develop country to inspire the Qatari people and new generations.